Abstract for Cartwright’s talk

GEM Anscombe claimed we can see the cat lapping  the milk. But how do we warrant singular causal claims when we can’t just see they are true? This is a matter of special concern for UK mental health treatments right now because most talking therapies do not lend themselves to testing of therapeutic success claims by randomised controlled trials (RCTs), which have come to be regarded as a gold standard for causal claims. This talk will catalogue sources of evidence for singular causal claims, compare the various types catalogued with evidence produced from RCTs and explain how the catalogue can be grounded in a ‘causal structural equations’ account of singular causation.